Mesothelioma is a very deadly cancer disease caused by exposure to asbestos fibres. Though it takes a very long time for its symptoms to show, once you’ve been exposed for a long time, you should seek medical experts immediately. Thanks to health technology, it is now very easy to detect mesothelioma cases early enough before they become severe.
What is Mesothelioma Survival Rate?
The rate or percentage at which a mesothelioma patient can live for a particular period of time after being diagnosed is known as the mesothelioma survival rate. Mesothelioma survival rates vary depending on the type of mesothelioma the patient is diagnosed with.
Some factors that affect the survival rate of a mesothelioma patient include age, level of the tumour, gender, and sometimes race.
Mesothelioma Survival Rates
1 year 3years 5years 10years
Pleural 73% 23% 12% 4.7%
Peritoneal 92% 74% 65% 39%
Pericardial 26% 14% 9%
According to the chart, only 9% will live for 5 years after being diagnosed with pericardial mesothelioma. This simply means that 9 out of 100 patients do survive this up to five years after diagnosis.
Also, for peritoneal mesothelioma, about 39% of patients do survive for years after diagnosis, meaning about 39 out of 100 do live up to 10 years after diagnosis.
Read Also>> Asbestos Exposure: Risks And How To Stay Safe
Mesothelioma survival rates are also recorded for a year and also for up to 10 years. This demonstrates that the diseases are extremely lethal and that people should do everything possible to avoid asbestos exposure, which increases their chances of being diagnosed with mesothelioma in the future.
Peritoneal Mesothelioma: Peritoneal mesothelioma has a high survival rate. Plus, there has been an improvement in its treatment over the past few years.
Testicular Mesothelioma: Testicular mesothelioma has the highest survival chances due to its tumour location and different ways of treatment.
Pleural Mesothelioma: Pleural mesothelioma has a low life expectancy due to the fact that it develops on internal organs.
Pericardial Mesothelioma: Pericardial mesothelioma has the lowest survival rates because it affects the heart, which is a vital organ in the human body.
Factors That Affect Mesothelioma Survival Rates
There are lots of factors that can determine how much a mesothelioma patient can live and also how responsive the treatment can be. Thanks to new medical discoveries over the past few years, early detection and diagnosis of mesothelioma patients are now possible.
So patients can now live longer than before because early detection helps treatment a lot and aids responsiveness. This is the same for many other cancer diseases. Once it is detected early enough, treatment can be fastened up and the chances of treatment are increased.
Some of the factors that affect the survival percentage of mesothelioma include age, gender, stage of mesothelioma, location of the tumour, lifestyle, genetics, and race.
Age is one of the major factors that often affect the rate of survival of mesothelioma patients. Medical reports have it that older people barely live 5 years with mesothelioma. This is because older people often have existing health issues that they might have been battling prior to being diagnosed with mesothelioma.
As young people, they have a higher chance of living with mesothelioma for 5 years and beyond. This is a result of their health condition. Plus, they respond faster to treatment than old people. Thereby, increasing their survival rates.
According to SEER explorer, from an analysis of 1 year mesothelioma survival rates. Up to 81% of people that are 50 years of age or younger can live for more than a year with mesothelioma. And for people who are 65 and above, only 44.6% live up to a year.
Gender sometimes affects the rate of survival of mesothelioma. Records have it that the female gender has higher survival rates than the male patients. Medical experts believe this is due to estrogen predominance in the female gender.
In addition, women rarely develop pleural mesothelioma, which is the most malignant type of mesothelioma, but instead, they develop mostly peritoneal mesothelioma, which is less malignant and has high survival chances.
Over 58% of women aged 45 and under have a 5-year survival rate, while only 37.7% of men in the same age group do. Plus, the first factor, age, also jointly affects the survival rate for this factor.
Stage of Mesothelioma
If mesothelioma is detected and diagnosed early enough, the chance of it being treated is high.
There are 2 different ways by which the survival rate of each stage of mesothelioma is being analysed, which are the SEER system of staging and the TNM system. The two systems are correct. The only difference is that TNM has 4 stages while SEER has only 3.
SEER Staging System
The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Result (SEER) staging system has 3 stages of mesothelioma survival rates, which it uses to publish its own medical records.
SEER staging systems include:
Localized: Presence of all tumours in the pleura.
Regional: the tumour has reached a lymph node or nearby tissue.
Distant: the tumour has reached many parts of the body, including the liver.
TNM Staging System
The Tumour, nodes, and metastasis (TNM) staging system record that mesothelioma has 4 stages, and they often use it to publish mesothelioma records.
The 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th stages are stages in the TNM staging system. If mesothelioma is diagnosed early enough at stage 1 or 2, it’s highly treatable with surgery or serious treatment. But, for the 3rd and 4th stages, it means the tumor has reached different parts of the body. As such, it’s very difficult to treat.
Differences Between TNM And SEER
The major difference between the two is that TNM has 4 stages while SEER has 3. Plus, TNM is considered more accurate and most commonly used than the SEER staging method.
Every mesothelioma patient should seek a doctor so as to understand the staging and how it affects treatment.
Detecting the location of the tumour is an essential factor that affects mesothelioma survival rates. The location where the tumour developed determines survival rates and treatment a lot. Once it can be located, it makes treatment easier and, as such, patients may live 6 months more than 5 years.
The lifestyle of a patient suffering from mesothelioma may also influence survival chances. For example, someone with a smoking history or a smoker might live less than a mesothelioma patient with no record of smoking. In addition, people who smoke may be diagnosed with mesothelioma more easily if exposed to asbestos because smoking aids asbestos in developing into cancer faster.
Asbestos diseases are most common among white people, as black people rarely get diagnosed. Only less than 5% of asbestos cases have been affected by black people, so more than 95% are from white people.
There are other factors, like genetics, blood cells, and health conditions. All these, in one way or the other, affect mesothelioma survival rates.
Mesothelioma treatment options vary depending on its stage. Early diagnosis is more treatable than late diagnosis. Additionally, patients whose mesothelioma is detected early enough have higher survival chances and lots of treatment options.
First and second stages
For those still in the 1st and 2nd stages of mesothelioma, there are two treatment options. It can either be treated with a surgical operation to cut out the tumours or with serious medical treatment. Although surgery is frequently used to treat it. Hence, survival rates are higher in stages 1 and 2 of mesothelioma.
Stages 3 and 4
Treatment for stage 3 and 4 mesothelioma is most lethal and difficult because the tumour has spread to other vital parts of the body, such as the nodes, lymph, and bones.
Nonetheless, chemical radiation or chemotherapy may help to some extent and possibly increase patients’ survival years.
Increasing Mesothelioma Survivability
Some people believe mesothelioma survival can be improved in various ways. Some believe exercise, good nutrition, and a general change in lifestyle can help improve survival. Others believe that seeking medical advice can help survive mesothelioma.
Mesothelioma survival rates are often low and life expectancies are high. However, the survival rate does not necessarily determine the survival expectancy for all patients with mesothelioma, as there are cases where patients may live even more.
Frequently Asked Questions
Can Mesothelioma Be Treated?
Yes and no. There is no proven cure for mesothelioma yet. However, patients with mesothelioma can undergo surgery and chemotherapy. This remains experimental and not a cure, but it works for some people, though.
Is it possible for a mesothelioma patient to live more than 5 years?
Yes, about 12% do live more than five years, especially people with pleural mesothelioma.
What’s the survival rate of mesothelioma?
There are different survival rates for different cases of mesothelioma. For example, in the charts, 9% of pericardial mesothelioma patients do live up to five years. This means that only 9 out of every 100 pericardial mesothelioma patients survive up to 5 years.
Which mesothelioma type has the highest survival rates?
Testicular mesothelioma has the highest survival rate and is less malignant. Plus, it can easily be treated due to the location of the cancer tumour.
Mesothelioma Survival Rate